The shaku is a Japanese measurement equivalent to This thickness allows the user to make a tight fist around it in order to block and counter an attack. In some cases for training purposes or for a different style, rattan was used. The power is generated by the back hand pulling the staff, while the front hand is used for guidance.

These were hard to make and were often unreliable. These were also extremely heavy. The konsaibo was a very distant variant of the kanabo. They were made from wood studded with iron. These were still too cumbersome for actual combat, so they were later replaced by unmodified hardwood staffs.

Prior to the 15th century, Okinawaa small island located south of Japan, was divided into three kingdoms: Chuzan, Hokuzan, and Nanzan. After much political turmoil, Okinawa was united under the Sho Dynasty in InEmperor Sho Shin came into power. Determined to enforce his philosophical and ethical ideas, while banning feudalism, the emperor instituted a ban on weapons. It became a crime to carry or own weapons such as swords, in an attempt to prevent further turmoil and prevent uprising.

Inthe temporary peace established by Sho Shin was violently overthrown when the powerful Shimazu clan of Satsuma invaded and conquered Okinawa. The Shimazu lords placed a new weapons ban, leaving the Okinawans defenseless against samurai weaponry. In an attempt to protect themselves, the people of Okinawa looked to simple farming implements, which the samurai would not be able to confiscate, as new methods of defense.

This use of weapons developed into kobudoor "ancient martial way" as known today. Typically, one would carry baskets of harvested crops or buckets of water or fish etc.

In poorer agrarian economies, the tenbin remains a traditional farm work implement. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Bo disambiguation.

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. December Learn how and when to remove this template message. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Various antique Japanese bo showing the kontei end or tip. The Weaponless Warriors. Ohara Publications. Retrieved Bo, Karate Weapon of Self-defense.

Tuttle Publishing. Comprehensive Asian Fighting Arts. Kodansha International. The Complete Idiot's Guide to Karate. Alpha Books.For full functionality of this site it is necessary to enable JavaScript.

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Traditional Wax Wood Staff.The new Warrior Bo is a better Bo. The bo is made of white ash and is stained a red mahogany color. There is no varathane on the bo which helps the bo from slipping thru your hands.

The ends are rounded to prevent splintering. Created by by Mennonites, each bo is custom crafted by hand since there is no modern machinery that can make a bo staff that is both tapered and oval at the same time.

We feature a wide selection of katana, fighting gear, karate uniforms, bo staffs and other martial arts weapons. We offer training equipment for tae kwon do, judo, karate, kung fu, ninjitsu and mixed martial arts. Be sure to check out our large selection of martial arts shoes, martial arts dvds and karate party items, all at wholesale prices.

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Additional information Length 4', 5', 5. If used for demonstration, expert care and supervision should be exercised.

There is no warranty on weapons. Boxing and Martial Arts are contact sports. Users of this equipment are subject to personal injury.

okinawan bo staff

These products have a degree of protection but are not warranted to protect the user from injury. Wearing a mouthguard is always recommended when participating in any athletic activity. Search for: Search. All Rights Reserved. Choose an option 5' 5.These katas use a traditional martial arts weapon known as the Bo or Bo staff. However, be aware that Bo katas with the same name can use different formats based on the style of Karate performing the kata. Given these potential differences, we have tried to list the Bo kata by the name of the Karate sub-style as well as the individual kata name.

Bo katas practice offensive and defensive staff techniques in a specified pattern of steps and movements. These Bo katas are often training tools for higher level Karate students. Beyond Bo katas, kubudo katas include Sai katas, Nunchaku katas, etc. Traditional martial arts training refers to training in martial arts, which is rooted in the principles set forth an original master of the art.

Follow the wizard are chosen to carry on the traditional teachings of this particular art. Most traditional martial art rooted in the country's history. Thus, the traditional preparation of martial arts means that the student to defend the philosophical principles of the art and practice of its techniques in a fashion similar to the founder, or in a natural progression in this style.

However, because Burma borders India and China, martial historians believe that Indians and Chinese have Persia opened trade routes with the Malays in A. Soon, visiting Indian religious priests arrived from Kerala, India. It contains stand-up maneuvers, but it is most InChinese admiral Zheng He set sail from China to East Africa with 28, men aboard 62 treasure ships each larger than a football field.

At each stop, Zheng He would leave warriors and laymen to live with native cultures. His last stop was Angola, Africa. Chinese warriors lived with the coastal natives. Decades later, Portuguese slave The origins of dragon kung fu or dragon fist are not well-known, but the movements derive from the Shaolin martial arts as one of the five animal styles of kung fu that originated from the 18 Buddhist Fists created by Indian Buddhist monk Ta Mo Bodhidharma. In response, the Spanish conquerors forbid the Although some historians believe Song dynasty Gen.

Yue Fei created hsing-i chuan, others credit Ji Ji-ke aka Ji Long-feng; with creating the style based on the movements of his famous spear skills. Judo became an Olympic sport at the Summer Olympics in Tokyo. When judo was advertised in the United States during the s and s Some historians consider jujutsu to have evolved among the samurai between the eighth and 16th centuries as an unarmed fighting style.

Kicks and punches would have little effect if a warrior lost his sword and had to defeat an Perhaps the first famous warrior of India was Gautama Siddartha aka Buddhawho was an expert fencer and pugilist and was possibly schooled in When Tahitian immigrants arrived on the Hawaiian Islands inthey introduced the mentality of war and a caste system. After centuries of warfare that erupted between the various Hawaiian Islands, the most feared and brutal warriors to arise from this caste system were the Koa.

The Koa created the first known Hawaiian martial art of In36 Shaolin martial artists from Fujian province arrived in Okinawa to teach them Chinese martial arts. This led to the development of Okinawan martial arts that were named after the villages of their origin— naha-te,It is a generic term coined in the twentieth century. It is a popular story and common belief that Okinawan farming tools evolved into weapons due to restrictions placed upon the peasants by the Satsuma samurai clan when the island was made a part of Japan, which forbade them from carrying arms.

As a result, it is said, they were defenseless and developed a fighting system around their traditional farming implements. However, modern martial arts scholars have been unable to find historical backing for this story, and the evidence uncovered by various martial historians points to the Pechin Warrior caste in Okinawa as being those who practiced and studied various martial arts, rather than the Heimin, or commoner.

It is true that Okinawans, under the rule of foreign powers, were prohibited from carrying weapons or practicing with them in public.

But the weapons-based fighting that they secretly practiced and the types of weapons they practiced with had strong Chinese roots, and examples of similar weapons have been found in Chinathailand and Indonesia [3] pre-dating the Okinawan adaptations.

Practical systems were developed by Toshihiro Oshiro and Motokatsu Inoue in conjunction with these masters. The footwork in both methods is interchangeable. They do not include all those from the Matayoshi, Uhuchiku and Yamanni streams however. It was perhaps developed from a farming tool called a tenbin : a stick placed across the shoulders with baskets or sacks hanging from either end. The bo was also possibly used as the handle to a rake or a shovel. The bo is considered the 'king' of the Okinawa weapons, as all others exploit its weaknesses in fighting it, whereas when it is fighting them it is using its strengths against them.

The bo is the earliest of all Okinawan weapons and effectively one of the earliest of all weapons in the form of a basic staffand is traditionally made from red or white oak. The sai is a three-pronged truncheon sometimes mistakenly believed to be a variation on a tool used to create furrows in the ground. This is highly unlikely as metal on Okinawa was in short supply at this time and a stick would have served this purpose more satisfactorily for a poor commoner, or Heimin.

The sai appears similar to a short sword, but is not bladed and the end is traditionally blunt. The weapon is metal and of the truncheon class with its length dependent upon the forearm of the user. The two shorter prongs on either side of the main shaft are used for trapping and sometimes breaking other weapons such as a sword or bo. A form known as nunti sai, sometimes called manji sai due to its appearance resembling the swastika kanji has the two shorter prongs pointed in opposite directions.

The tonfa may have originated as the handle of a millstone used for grinding grain. It is traditionally made from red oak, and can be gripped by the short perpendicular handle or by the longer main shaft.

okinawan bo staff

As with all Okinawan weapons, many of the forms are reflective of "empty hand" techniques. The tonfa is more readily recognized by its modern development in the form of the side-handle police batonbut many traditional tonfa techniques differ from side-handle baton techniques. For example, tonfa are often used in pairs, while side-handle batons generally are not.

A nunchaku is two sections of wood or metal in modern incarnations connected by a cord or chain. There is much controversy over its origins: some say it was originally a Chinese weapon, others say it evolved from a threshing flail, while one theory purports that it was developed from a horse's bit.

Chinese nunchaku tend to be rounded, whereas Okinawan ones are octagonal, and they were originally linked by horse hair. There are many variations on the nunchaku, ranging from the three sectional staff san-setsu-konmentioned later in this articleto smaller multi-section nunchaku.

The nunchaku was popularized by Bruce Lee in a number of films, made in both Hollywood and Hong Kong. This weapon is illegal in Canada, Australia unless a permit is held and parts of Europe. The kama is a traditional farming sickleand considered one of the hardest to learn due to the inherent danger in practicing with such a weapon. The point at which the blade and handle join in the "weapon" model normally has a nook with which a bo can be trapped, although this joint proved to be a weak point in the design, and modern day examples tend to have a shorter handle with a blade that begins following the line of the handle and then bends, though to a lesser degree; this form of the kama is known as the natagama.

The edge of a traditional rice sickle, such as one would purchase from a Japanese hardware store, continues to the handle without a notch, as this is not needed for its intended use. The tekko or tecchu is a form of knuckledusterand primarily takes its main form of usage from that of empty-hand technique, whilst also introducing slashing movements.

The tekko is usually made to the width of the hand with anything between one and three protruding points on the knuckle front with protruding points at the top and the bottom of the knuckle. They can be made of any hard material but are predominantly found in aluminium, iron, steel, or wood.

The tinbe-rochin consists of a shield and spear.He has also provided foundational work in many other areas of economics, including endogenous growth theory and the economics of information. He has been co-editor of the Handbooks in Economics series since the mid-1980s. The author shows that the equity premium. Frees is a Professor of Business at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and is holder of the Fortis Health Insurance Professorship of Actuarial Science.

He is a Fellow of both the Society of Actuaries and the American Statistical Association. He has served in several editorial capacities including Editor of the North American Actuarial Journal and Associate Editor for Insurance: Mathematics and Economics.

An award-winning researcher, he as published in the leading refereed academic journals in Business and Economics and Theoretical and Applied Statistics. It relies on capturing relationships between explanatory variables and the predicted variables from past occurrences and exploiting this to predict future outcomes. Forecasting future financial events is a core actuarial skill.

Bo Staff Class for Complete Beginners - Yellow Chevron - Class #1

Forecasting future financial events is a core actuarial skill - actuaries routinely apply predictive-modeling techniques in insurance and other risk-management applications.

This book is for actuaries and other financial analysts who are developing their expertise in statistics and wish to become familiar with concrete examples of predictive modeling.

The book also addresses the needs of more seasoned practicing analysts who would like an overview of advanced statistical topics that are particularly relevant in actuarial practice. Predictive Modeling Applications in Actuarial Science emphasizes life-long learning by developing tools in an insurance context, providing the relevant actuarial applications, and introducing advanced statistical techniques that can be used by analysts to gain a competitive advantage in situations with complex data.

It relies on capturing relationships between explanatory variables and the predicted variables from past. Derrig, Glenn MeyersBiBTeX EndNote RefMan. Please note that Internet Explorer version 8. Please refer to this blog post for more information. Advanced JavaScript is disabled on your browser.

Please enable JavaScript to use all the features on this page. This paper investigates the out-of-sample predictability of international bond risk premia. We endogenously construct a global common Cochrane and Piazzesi (2005) factor.


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